美国最经久不衰的机构是为满足特定需求而创建的机构,并允许随着这些需求的变化而发展。这就是北伊利诺伊大学的故事,NIU于 2020 年庆祝成立 125 周年。

我们以对 NIU 历史上 125 个关键时刻的认可来标志着这一里程碑。这些时刻由校园社区建议,由委员会选择并按月分期发布。它们共同构成了一所不断发展的大学的亲密肖像。

America’s most enduring institutions are those created to meet specific needs and allowed to evolve as those needs change. Such is the story of Northern Illinois University, which celebrated its 125th anniversary in 2020.

We marked the milestone with the recognition of 125 key moments in NIU history. The moments were suggested by the campus community, selected by a committee and released in monthly installments. Together, they form an intimate portrait of a growing university.




【Chapter 5: Entering the Modern Era】

 第五章:进入现代 

 1961 - 1967年 


20世纪60年代,新传统、新技术、新设施的快速发展成为NIU的特征。教学和学术的声望不断提高,并延伸到校园之外,同时一个新的治理体系将NIU和ISU联系在一起。

New traditions, technology and transformational facilities characterize the rapid developments of the 1960s at NIU. Teaching and scholarship grow in prestige and reach beyond campus, while a new governance system links NIU and ISU.

▲The NIU Press has published more than 600 books since its establishment in 1965.

NIU从师范学院到研究大学的许多里程碑之一是1965年成立的大学出版社。越来越多的博士课程带来了一批新的教师,他们有着既定的研究兴趣和发表的研究成果。多年来,北伊利诺伊大学出版社一直致力于通过为全球观众出版优秀的学术作品来支持和提高大学的声誉和研究使命,如今北伊利诺伊大学出版社已出版 600 多本书籍。

Among the many milestones in NIU’s evolution from teachers college to research university was the establishment in 1965 of the University Press. A growing portfolio of doctoral programs brought a new cohort of faculty with established research interests and published studies. President Holmes took great pride in showing visitors an entire shelf of books in his office written by NIU faculty.Over the years, the Northern Illinois University Press has worked to support and enhance the reputation and research mission of the university by publishing outstanding works of scholarship for a global audience. And today the Northern Illinois University Press has more than 600 books in print.



【Chapter 6: Charting a New Course】

 第六章:设立新课程 

 1967-1969年


新的校长专注于社会正义和学生赋权,与此同时校园通过艺术和特别的项目继续建立声望。

A new president focuses on social justice and student empowerment while the campus continues building prestige through the arts and special programs. Meanwhile, peaceful but enlarging anti-war and civil rights protests signal a new era in student activism.

Rhoten A. Smith 于 1967 年 9 月 1 日就任 NIU 第六任校长。如果NIU的管理委员会一直在寻找一位新的校长与过去决裂,那么他们找不到比史密斯更好的人选了。首先,史密斯是NIU首位没有师范学院/师范学校学习经历的校长。他在加州大学伯克利分校获得政治学博士学位。他的研究和写作使他在同行中名列前茅。

史密斯的新大学愿景包括减少强调学生人数的增长,更多的关注学生的学习质量,奖励伟大的研究和学术,更多的多学科工作,以及显著提高大学治理的开放性和更广泛的参与度。

Rhoten A. Smith took office as NIU's sixth president on September 1, 1967.If NIU’s governing board had been looking for a break with the past in a new president, they couldn’t have found a better agent for that change than Rhoten Smith.To begin with, Smith was the first NIU president without a normal school / teachers college background. His doctorate in political science was from the University of California at Berkeley;His research and writing placed him high among his colleagues as a scholar. 

Smith’s New University vision included less emphasis on growing sheer numbers of students, and more attention to the quality of student learning, rewards for great research and scholarship, more multidisciplinary work, and significantly more openness around and wider participation in university governance.



【Chapter 7: Courage and Confrontation】

 第七章 勇气与对抗 

1969 - 1973年


动荡的时期为校园带来了各种国家问题,而体育和艺术则进入了一个新的成就时代。来自私营部门的领导者抵御对大学不断扩大的学术使命的攻击,而 NIU 则欢迎更多的转学生,校园变得更容易驾驭。

到20世纪60年代,NIU已经获得了成熟的大学地位。蓬勃发展的入学人数,如雨后春笋般出现的校园基础设施,以及大学赛区在体育方面的成功,都促使人们想到在大学赛区竞争。

A tumultuous period brings a variety of national issues to campus, while athletics and the arts enter a new era of achievement. A leader from the private sector fends off attacks on the university’s expanding academic mission while NIU welcomes more transfer students and the campus becomes easier to navigate.

By the 1960s, NIU had gained full-fledged university status. The booming enrollment, mushrooming campus infrastructure, and athletic success at the College Division level all led to thoughts of competing in the University Division. 

▲NIU students were in favor of a campus transportation system. 



【Chapter 8: The Expanding Mission】

 第 8 章:不断扩大的使命 

1974-1982年


在20世纪70年代,现代大学的建筑积木堆得更高,拥有宏伟的新图书馆、新学院、法学院以及与国家实验室的合作伙伴关系。学生支持中心继续发展,而新校长建立博士课程。

The building blocks of a modern university are stacked higher in the 1970s, with a magnificent new library, a new college, a law school, and partnerships with national laboratories. Student support centers continue to grow, while a new president builds doctoral programs.

1979年,威廉·莫纳特担任NIU第八任校长。作为首席学术官和校长,他在不断拓展大学学术使命的过程中发挥了积极的领导作用。在他的领导下,NIU增加了教育学、地质学、生物科学和数学科学的博士项目,并于1979年开设了法学院。在他担任校长期间,最让人难忘的是他致力于巩固NIU作为一所全面发展的大学的声誉,并准备好满足该地区的需求。

William Monat becomes NIU’s eighth president in 1979.As the chief academic officer and as president, Bill Monat was an enthusiastic leader in the ongoing process of broadening the university’s academic mission. Under his leadership, doctoral programs in education, geology, biological sciences and mathematical sciences were added at NIU, and in 1979, the university opened the College of Law.   His time as president is best remembered for his commitment to cementing NIU’s reputation as a well-rounded university prepared to meet the needs of its region. 

在他的领导下,NIU与国家实验室建立了合作伙伴关系,并诞生了荣誉学位的传统。到 1983 年,NIU 获得的富布赖特奖数量在全美排名第 17 位,领先于芝加哥大学、西北大学和伊利诺伊大学。同年,NIU被列为符合国家科学委员会标准的200所大学中的“研究与发展大学”。

On his watch, partnerships were formed with national laboratories, and the tradition of honorary degrees was born. By 1983, NIU ranked 17th in the nation for the number of Fulbrights awarded, ahead of the University of Chicago, Northwestern and the University of Illinois. That same year, NIU was listed among 200 universities meeting the National Science Board’s criteria as a “research and development university.”

▲Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois.


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