美国最经久不衰的机构是为满足特定需求而创建的机构,并允许随着这些需求的变化而发展。这就是北伊利诺伊大学的故事,NIU于 2020 年庆祝成立 125 周年。

我们以对 NIU 历史上 125 个关键时刻的认可来标志着这一里程碑。这些时刻由校园社区建议,由委员会选择并按月分期发布。它们共同构成了一所不断发展的大学的亲密肖像。

America’s most enduring institutions are those created to meet specific needs and allowed to evolve as those needs change. Such is the story of Northern Illinois University, which celebrated its 125th anniversary in 2020.

We marked the milestone with the recognition of 125 key moments in NIU history. The moments were suggested by the campus community, selected by a committee and released in monthly installments. Together, they form an intimate portrait of a growing university.




【Chapter 1: The Beginning】

 第一章:开始 

 1895-1906 


伊利诺伊州州长约翰·彼得·阿尔特格尔德 (John Peter Altgeld) 是民粹主义和进步传统的拥护者。他对内战后经济扩张留下的那些人深表关切,认为师范学校的扩建将提升群众的教育水平。1895 年 5 月 22 日,他愉快地签署了创建北伊利诺伊州立师范学校的立法。

Illinois Gov. John Peter Altgeld was a subscriber to the populist and progressive traditions. He had a deep concern for those left behind by the expanding post-Civil War economy, and believed the expansion of normal schools would upgrade the educational level of the masses. He happily signed the legislation that created Northern Illinois State Normal School on May 22, 1895.

库克校长为新学校做的广告展示了一座被绿色草坪和大树环绕的庄严建筑,但迎接第一批学生的现实却不太令人愉快:建筑尚未完工,在他们最初上学的几周里学生们不得不跨过工具和水泥袋。

President Cook’s advertisements for the new school had shown a stately building surrounded by a green lawn and large trees, but the reality that greeted the first students was less pleasant: The building was not completed, and students had to step over tools and bags of cement in the hallways during their first few weeks.

1904 年第一批海外学生抵达。从那时起,NIU 作为一所欢迎和支持国际学生的大学赢得了良好的声誉。目前约有 1,000 名 NIU 学生代表 70 个国家,其中最多的是中国、印度和沙特阿拉伯。目前,NIU最受国际学生欢迎的专业是计算机信息系统;工业、机械和电气工程;会计;和工商管理。

First overseas students arrive in1904.Since then, NIU has developed a strong reputation as a welcoming and supportive university for international students. About 1,000 current NIU students represent 70 foreign countries, with the largest numbers coming from China, India and Saudi Arabia.Currently, NIU’s most popular majors for international students are Computer Information Systems; Industrial, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering; Accounting; and Business Administration.



【Chapter 2: Growth, Development – and War】

 第二章:增长、发展和战争 

 1907-1929年


一个备受喜爱的校园地标诞生了,学生群体多样化,世界冲突触及迪卡尔布的日常生活。在其存在的第二个和第三个十年中,北伊利诺伊州立师范学校经历了治理和地方领导层的变化,有四位不同的校长,并开始了扩大的学术计划。

A beloved campus landmark is born, the student body diversifies, and world conflict touches everyday life in DeKalb. Up through its second and third decades of existence, Northern Illinois State Normal School experiences changes in governance and local leadership, with four different presidents and the beginnings of an expanded academic program.

根据定义,“师范学校”只提供两年制学位。约翰·威利斯顿·库克 (John Williston Cook) 被任命为北伊利诺伊州立师范学校的首任校长(1899 年)。他对师范学校理念的信念如此坚定,以至于他在总统任期结束时一直没有扩展学校的课程。最后,在他的继任者的领导下,北伊于 1921 年成为一所四年制学士学位授予机构。

By definition, “normal schools” only offered two-year degrees. John Williston Cook was offered the job as the first president of Northern Illinois State Normal School(1899).So strong was his belief in the normal school concept that he held off expanding the school’s curriculum through the end of his presidency. Finally, under the leadership of his successor, Northern became a four-year, bachelor’s-degree-granting institution in 1921.



【Chapter 3: Growth in Challenging Times】

 第三章:艰难时期的成长 

1936-1952年


NIU校友会于1936年合法成立。今天,NIUAA 为伊利诺伊州的近 160,000 名 NIU 校友和全球 244,000 名校友提供服务。它提供计划、举办活动并与部门和组织合作,以支持 NIU。

Northern’s Alumni Association was legally incorporated in 1936.Today, the NIUAA serves nearly 160,000 NIU alumni in Illinois and 244,000 worldwide. It offers programs, hosts events and partners with departments and organizations in support of NIU. 

1951年董事会允许NIU开设研究生课程。次年,J. Robert Hainds 博士被任命为研究生院的第一任院长。到 1960 年,已有 23 个院系提供通向硕士学位的研究生课程。

In 1951, the Board gave Northern permission to offer graduate courses. The following year, Dr. J. Robert Hainds was appointed as the first Dean of the Graduate School. By 1960, 23 departments were offering graduate courses leading to the master’s degree.



【Chapter 4: Birth of a University】

 第四章:大学的诞生 

1952-1961年


扩大的研究生项目和一个重大的名称变化,这是这十年来入学人数和校园设施的巨大增长的标题。1957年5月23日,斯特拉顿州长签署了法案,北伊利诺伊大学诞生了。

A new library, expanded graduate programs and a significant name change headline a decade of enormous growth in both enrollment and campus facilities. On May 23, 1957, Gov. Stratton signed the bill, and Northern Illinois University was born.

对于一所以师范学院起家并由一个名为“师范学院委员会”的机构管理的学校来说,人们可以想象在离开专有机构的每一次行动中都会遇到的阻力。面对该州不断发展的公立大学对更多博士学位教师的强烈需求,1958 年 NIU 被批准提供文学硕士和理学硕士学位。第二年,音乐硕士和美术硕士学位加入了不断增长的研究生课程组合。

For a school that began as a teacher’s college and was governed by a body called the Teachers College Board, one can imagine the push-back that greeted every move away from the single-purpose institution. Faced with a strong need for more doctorate-holding faculty at the state’s growing public universities,  it 1958 NIU was approved to offer the Master of Arts and Master of Science degrees. The following year, the Master of Music and the Master of Fine Arts degrees joined the growing portfolio of graduate offerings.

商学院成立于 1961 年。九年后,学院的本科课程获得了美国大学商学院协会 (AACSB) 的权威认证。 到十年末,已授予近5000个NIU商学院学位。如今,NIU商学院跻身全国最佳本科商学院之列。 2021 年即将迎来商学院 60 周年,学院是少数连续 32 年获得国家级大学的学院之一。超过 60,000 名校友是芝加哥地区和世界各地的商界领袖。

The College of Business is established  in 1961. Nine years later, the College’s undergraduate program received the prestigious accreditation of the American Association of Collegiate Schools of Business, or AACSB. And by the end of the decade, nearly 5,000 NIU business degrees had been awarded.Today the NIU College of Business ranks among the best undergraduate business schools in the country. Closing in on its 60th anniversary in 2021, the College is one of few to enjoy a national ranking for 32 consecutive years. More than 60,000 alumni are business leaders throughout the Chicagoland region and around the world. 


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